Parents in Sevenoaks, Kent, could see the first grammar school set up in the town, as more than 1,500 residents have signed a petition backing the move.
New grammar schools have been banned since the late 1990s, when the Labour government brought in legislation against them.
But education reforms brought in by the Coalition government mean that existing schools can be expanded in areas where there is sufficient demand, and this applies to grammar schools.
Kent has the highest concentration of state grammar schools of any county in Britain, but Sevenoaks is the only borough in the county without one.
But parents in Sevenoaks are trying to change that, and have launched a campaign to bring a grammar school to the borough.
An entirely new grammar school is not an option, but it is thought that one of the county’s nearby grammar schools could set up a satellite campus in Sevenoaks.
The campus, which would be run by one of the existing grammar schools, would cater for around 120 pupils when it opens in 2016.
The plan has the backing of the local council, which has said it intends to meet the heads of six grammar schools in nearby Tunbridge Wells to discuss running the campus.
Parents are campaigning for the provision of a local grammar school in Sevenoaks as many of their children have to take long journeys every day in order to attend a their chosen school.
Mike Whiting, cabinet member for education, says that many grammar schools are a long way from where the demand is.
“Many of our grammar schools are in urban settings on very restricted sites, while many of our new housing is in out-of-town developments,” he told The Telegraph.
“The change to the rules will allow us to put grammar schools where the need is. If we can make it work then, of course, other authorities may look at where they can create this satellite provision,” added Whiting.